What is a ketogenic diet?

The ketogenic diet (KETO) has become way more popular than before. It is a term for a low carb diet like the “Atkins” diet. This idea is to gain calories from proteins and fats and less from carbohydrates. You cut back most on the carbs that are anything but difficult to process, such as pastries, sugar, soda and white bread. According to studies, this is beneficial for weight loss because it is very low carb and high-fat diet. It is also very efficient for epilepsy and diabetes. Some evidence shows that it is beneficial for Alzheimer’s diseases and certain cancers too.

How does it work?

Now, that you know what is a ketogenic diet? We will now discuss, how a ketogenic diet works. A ketogenic diet commonly confines carbs to 20–50 grams every day. While this may appear to be testing, numerous nutritious nourishments can undoubtedly fit into along these lines of eating.

Who uses it?

People use the ketogenic diet mainly for weight loss. However, it also helps to manage certain medical conditions like diabetes, epilepsy, acne, heart diseases and certain brain diseases. But you should consult your doctor first that if it is safe enough for you to use a ketogenic diet, especially if you have diabetes of level 1.

However, there are many types of ketogenic diets, such as:

  • Standard ketogenic diet(SKD)
  • Cyclical ketogenic diet(CKD)
  • Targeted Ketogenic diet(TKD)
  • High-Protein ketogenic diet

There are various healthy foods to eat on a ketogenic diet, such as:

  • Seafood
  • Low carb vegetables
  • Cheese
  • Avocados
  • Poultry and Meat
  • Eggs
  • Coconut Oil
  • Plain Greek yogurt and Cottage Cheese
  • Olive Oil
  • Nuts and Seeds
  • Berries
  • Butter and Cream
  • Shirataki Noodles
  • Olives
  • Unsweetened coffee and tea.
  • Dark Chocolate and Cocoa Powder

You know what is a ketogenic diet and foods that are a part of a ketogenic diet (KETO) so let’s discuss the foods that are mentioned above in detail.


There are very keto-friendly foods such as Fish and Shellfish. Salmon and other fish are rich in vitamin B, potassium and selenium.

In any case, the carbs in various sorts of shellfish differ. For example, while shrimp and most crabs contain no carbs, different types of shellfish do.

While these shellfish can be remembered for a ketogenic diet, it’s imperative to represent these carbs when you’re attempting to remain inside a limited range.

Consume at least two kinds of seafood weekly.

Low carb vegetables:

Non-starchy vegetables are low in carbs and calories and high in many nutrients that include C Vitamin and many minerals.

The body does not absorb and digest fiber that is in vegetables and other plants.

Most vegetables contain not many net carbs. Be that as it may, expending one serving of “bland” vegetables like potatoes, sweet potatoes or, beets could put you over your whole carb limit for the afternoon.

The net carb means non-boring vegetable ranges from under 1 gram for 1 cup of raw spinach to 8 grams for 1 cup of cooked Brussels grows.

Vegetables likewise contain cancer prevention agents that help secure against free radicals, which are temperamental particles that can cause cell harm.


The cheese is delicious and nutritious.

There are over a hundred types of cheese and all of them are high in fat and low in carb. It is high in saturated fat but it does not increase the risk of heart disease.

Some studies say that cheese prevents heart diseases. Cheese contains conjugated linoleic acid, which itself a fat linked to fat loss and improvement in the composition of the body.

It contains high amounts of vitamins A and B-12 along with phosphorus, riboflavin and zinc. Cheese is an excessive source of calcium.


Avocados are extraordinarily healthy. 3.5 ounces (100 grams), or around one-part of a medium avocado, contain 9 grams of carbs. Regardless, 7 of these are fiber, so its net carb count is only 2 grams.

Avocados are high in a few nutrients and minerals, including potassium, a significant mineral numerous individuals may not get enough of.

Also, a higher potassium admission may help make the change to a ketogenic diet simpler, avocados may help improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

In one examination, when individuals expended an eating regimen high in avocados, they encountered a 22% decrease in “bad” LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and an 11% increase in “good” HDL cholesterol.

Meat and poultry:

Poultry and fresh meat contain zero amount of carbs and instead, they are rich in vitamin B and many minerals which include zinc, potassium and selenium.

They are a good source of protein which is high in quality and it helps to preserve muscle mass during a very low carb diet. It is best to choose grass-fed meat, if possible.

That’s because animals that eat grass produce meat with higher amounts of omega-3 fats, conjugated linoleic acid and antioxidants than meat from grain-fed animals.


Eggs are a great source of protein and are one of the healthiest and most versatile foods on earth.

One egg contains 1 gram carb and less than 6 grams of proteins which makes an egg the ideal food for the ketogenic lifestyle.

The egg is a very important food for us and it is better to eat the entire egg, as most of the nutrients are found in the yolk of an egg which includes the zeaxanthin and the antioxidants lutein, which helps to protect your health.

Olive oil:

This provides many benefits to your heart. It is high in oleic acid. Extra virgin olive oil is high in antioxidants which are known as phenols.

Whereas Olive oil contains no carbs and it’s an ideal base for salad dressings and healthy mayonnaise. It is best to use it for low heat cooking.

Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil has exclusive properties that make it well fit for Ketogenic Diet. It contains medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), which are used as a rapid source of energy or taken up directly by the liver and converted into ketones.

It has been used to increase ketone levels in people with the disease called Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders of the brain and nervous system.

The primary unsaturated fat in coconut oil is lauric corrosive, a marginally longer-chain fat. It has been recommended that coconut oil’s blend of MCTs and lauric corrosive may advance a continued degree of ketosis.

Also, coconut oil may enable corpulent grown-ups to get in shape and gut fat. Taking everything into account, from their waistlines without making some other dietary changes.

Butter and cream:

Butter and cream are good fats to include a ketogenic diet, they contain only a trace amount of carbs per serving.

Some studies suggest that it reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke when high-fat dairy is consumed.

Butter and cream are rich in conjugated linoleic acid (the fatty acid that promotes fat loss) like other dairy products. These dairy products are also beneficial for health and skin.

Nuts and seeds:

Nuts and seeds are high fat, low carbs and healthy foods which also reduces risks of heart diseases, chronic diseases, certain cancers and depression.

Nuts and seeds are high in fiber which helps to absorb fewer calories overall. Although they are low in net carbs which vary with the different types of it.

Here is the list of some most famous nuts and seeds that are healthy and low in carbs.

  • Almond
  • Brazil nuts
  • Cashews
  • Pecans
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Pistachios
  • Walnuts
  • Sesame seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Flaxseeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Above listed nuts and seeds are beneficial for a ketogenic diet as they contain high fiber.


There are fruits not too beneficial to include in a ketogenic diet because they are high in carbs.

But berries are a great example of low carbs and high fiber. Raspberries and blackberries contain as much fiber as digestible carbs. They are filled with antioxidants that have been credited with reducing inflammation and protecting against diseases.

Here are the carb counts for 100 grams of some berries.

Blackberries: 5 grams net carbs (10 grams total carbs)
Blueberries: 12 grams net carbs (14 grams total carbs)
Raspberries: 6 grams net carbs (12 grams total carbs)
Strawberries: 6 grams net carbs (8 grams total carbs)

Berries reduce the risk of diseases because they are rich in nutrients.

Dark chocolate and cocoa powder:

They are a delicious source of antioxidants. Cocoa has been called a super fruit because it provides as many oxidants as other fruits which includes acai berries and blueberries.

Dark chocolate contains an agent named flavanols which reduces the risk of heart disease by lowering the blood pressure and keeping arteries healthy. It is an effective source of the ketogenic diet.

Shirataki Noodles:

It is a great addition to a ketogenic diet. After all, they only contain less than 1 gram of carbs and 5 calories per serving because they are water mainly. The noodles can absorb up to 50 times its weight in water because they are made from a viscous fiber called Glucomannan.

Vicious fiber forms a gel to slow down the movement of food through the digestive tract that promotes fullness and stable blood sugar levels. It surprisingly decreases blood sugar spikes and hunger that makes it beneficial for diabetes management and weight loss.

Shirataki Noodles comes in many shapes including linguine, rice, and fettuccine. They can be used as regular noodles in all the recipes.


Olives give a similar medical advantage as olive oil, just in strong structure. Oleuropein, the fundamental cancer prevention agent found in olives, has calming properties and may shield your cells from harm, examines propose that devouring olives may help forestall bone misfortune and lessening pulse.

Olives change in carb content because of their size. Be that as it may, half of their carbs originate from fiber, so their edible carb content is extremely low.

A one-ounce (28-gram) serving of olives contains 2 grams of complete carbs and 1 gram of fiber. This works out to a net carb tally of 1 gram for 7–10 olives, contingent upon their size.

Olives are wealthy in cancer prevention agents that may help ensure heart and bone wellbeing. They have 1 gram of net carbs in it.

Plain Greek Yogurt and Cottage Cheese:

Plain Greek Yoghurt and Cottage Cheese are high-protein foods and healthy for us. They contain some carbs still they can be included in a ketogenic lifestyle. Yogurt and cottage cheese helps to increase the feeling of fullness and decrease the appetite.

Both of them make a delicious snack on their own. However, both of them can be combined with chopped nuts, cinnamon and optical sugar-free sweetener to get a quick and easy keto diet.

Unsweetened Coffee and Tea:

Tea and Coffee are effectively healthy and carb-free drinks. Tea and Coffee contain caffeine which helps to increase metabolism and improve your mood, alertness and physical performance.

Drinkers of Coffee and Tea are shown to have a reduced risk of diabetes the intake of higher coffee and tea has the lowest risk of developing diabetes.

To put it, a ton of fat, a moderate measure of protein, and not many carbs. The absolute best nourishments to eat on keto incorporate avocado, olive oil, eggs, asparagus, green peppers, and cauliflower.

On the other side, you ought to stay away from nourishments high in carbs, for example, bread, pasta, numerous organic products, chips, wafers, candy, and cake.

Along with benefits, Ketogenic Diet also has some side effects.

What are the disadvantages of the Ketogenic Diet?

  • Keto Flu is an infamous stage of Ketogenic diet as it is the collection of symptoms mentioned below:
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • People get these symptoms when their body is adjusting to Ketosis. These symptoms will pass within a couple of weeks, however, a good dietitian can help you minimize them. A diet focused on animal fat and protein may harm your heart


A ketogenic diet can be utilized to accomplish weight reduction, glucose control, and other wellbeing related objectives. Luckily, it can incorporate a wide assortment of nutritious, delectable, and adaptable nourishments that permit you to stay inside your everyday carb.

To receive all the wellbeing rewards of a ketogenic diet, expend these 16 nourishments all the time.

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